The dossier submitted to the UNSC 1267 Sanctions Committee by India gives a detailed account of why India has laboured for a decade to get Masood Azhar under the UNSC sanctions list. It also shows why Pakistan and China have been desperate to keep Azhar from the list.
- Born in 1968, Masood Azhar created the Jaish-e-Moahmmed with the support of Al Qaeda (AQ) and Mullah Omar (Taliban). He has actively supported and has closely worked with the AQ and Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM) and other affiliates of AQ.
- Azhar studied at the famous jihadi seminary in Karachi, Jamia Uloom al Islamia or the Jamia Binoria, which has been one of the main nerve centers of support for the Afghan jihad since early 1970s.
- He joined the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen and was soon made editor of its magazine Sada-e-Mujahid.
- Due to his closeness to Mullah Omar and
Osama bin Laden, he was sent to Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Zambia, the UAE, Bangladesh and the UK between 1990 and 1993 for delivering speeches in support of jihad and collecting donations for jihad in Kashmir, Afghanistan and Somalia.
- In 1994, as general secretary of the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, he was sent to India through Bangladesh on a fake Portuguese Passport in the name of Vali Adam Issa. He went to J&K to lead the Harakat-ul-Ansar (HuA), a group formed by the merger of HuM and HuJI in J&K and in Pakistan. He was arrested and sent to jail in J&K.
- His brothers Abdul Rauf Alvi and Ibrahim Athar Alvi and brother-in-law, Yusuf Azhar along with other Pakistan nationals planned and executed the hijack of IC-814, as a result of which India was forced to release him to rescue the passengers.Within days of his release in
Kandahar, Maulana Masood Azhar, resurfaced in his hometown of Bahawalpur in Pakistan and subsequently floated a new terrorist group, the JeM alongwith Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai in Jamia Binoria seminary in 2000.
- JeM claimed its first suicide attack in an Army cantonment in J&K in Dec. 2000 and then mounted another attack in the J&K Legislative Assembly in Oct. 2001. JeM subsequently attacked Indian Parliament in New Delhi on Dec. 13, 2001.
- JeM was designated as a terrorist organisation by the UN (Oct 2001), India (Oct 25, 2001), the USA (Oct 2001), the UK (Oct 2001), Russia and Canada (Nov 27, 2002). Later, Australia (Aug 11, 2015) and the UAE (Nov 16, 2014) also proscribed JeM.
- In 2002, Pakistan outlawed JeM, which subsequently morphed into two factions; the Jamat-ul-Furqan and the Khuddam-ul-lslam and continued its activities. Both of these groups were banned in late 2003.
- Since 2013, JeM terrorists have mounted two major attacks, one on the Indian Consulate in Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan (Jan 3, 2016) and other on the Indian Airforce Base in Pathankot in India (Jan 2-4, 2016). Since then JeM has carried out a number of attacks, the recent being VBIED attack on CRPF convoy in Lethpora, Pulwama on Feb 14, 2019.
- JeM has undertaken a recruitment drive through its students and charity fronts. Talba Al-Murabitoon (Students Movement for Ideological & Geographical Defence of Islam & Pakistan), along with other wings such as Al Rehmat Trust and Preaching Wing, regularly organizes events in close coordination in order to urge people to wage Jehad.
- JeM, under Azhar also organizes events under the banner of Bazm-e-Yousafi, Majlis Wursa-e-Shoda Jammu-Wa-Kashmir, Majlis Dawat-Al-Quran and conferences in the name of killed terrorists to collect funds and radicalize & motivate youth.
- There has been a significant increase in enrolments in basic induction courses, religious programmes and jihadi training courses organized by JeM at their Markaz/centres in Pakistan including various religious/ Jehadi courses at Markaz Usman-o- Ali, Bahawalpur.
- JeM has been organising various fund collection campaigns under ‘Al Rahmat Trust’ to fund the jehad in J&K and Afghanistan.
- He was put under house arrest at Markaz Subhan Allah in Bahawalpur, post India’s balakot strikes’ (26.02.2019) and has been recently shifted to a safe house in Islamabad.